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Enrollment into the Pathways to Desistance study occurred over a twenty-six month period between November, 2000 and January, 2003.

To be eligible for the study, individuals had to be in Maricopa County, AZ or Philadelphia, PA and

The proportion of male youth found guilty of a drug charge was capped at 15% to avoid an over-representation of drug offenders. All females who met the age and crime criteria were approached for enrollment as were youth being considered for trial in the adult system.

Twenty percent of the youths approached for participation declined.